Open Heart Surgery

Open-heart surgeries are at the top of the list of the most frequently performed surgeries in the world, and doing that operation correctly is one of the goals of this operation to enjoy a healthy heart that beats with all peace and comfort.

What are open heart surgeries?

What is meant by open heart surgery is, the rib cage is opened and the heart is extracted and procedures are performed on it.

Open-heart surgery is not an easy operation, but rather a major operation.

This type of operation is now performed by endoscopes, and there is no longer a need to open the rib cage.

Atrial assist implantation.

It is a process that aims to implant a device to regulate the work of the heart muscle, and it is a permanent or temporary procedure according to each pathological condition.

What are the types of open heart operations?

  • Valve replacement.
  • A process that replaces damaged valves in the heart with artificial or biological ones.

Atrial fibrillation surgery.

  • A process that distributes electrical signals by opening new pathways during the expansion and contraction of the heart.

Heart transplant operation.

  • It is that the heart of the diseased condition is completely replaced by another heart from a deceased person.

An artificial heart transplant.

  • It is the installation of a device that regulates the heartbeat and treats heart failure.

After open heart surgery

  • After the completion of the operation and for two days, the person is in intensive care.
  • Staying in the hospital for a period of not less than ten days.
  • Take all advice given by your doctor seriously.
  • Take medicines and drugs regularly as prescribed by the doctor.

The importance of open heart surgery

  • These operations are a hope of survival for the sick person, in other words, an opportunity to live again.

When does heart disease occur?

When there is a process of hardening and accumulation of a mixture of calcium and fat in the coronary blood vessels.Or when these blood vessels constrict, a narrowing of their hollows may occur, thus impeding the delivery of blood to the heart muscle.

Also, any damage to the heart muscle or its ability to contract can cause a temporary or permanent decline in the heart’s ability to contract.

When the heart’s ability to contract is damaged, there is a decrease in blood pumping to vital organs in the body, as this process of narrowing blood vessels causes angina pectoris, and if it causes permanent damage to the heart muscle, it generates myocardial infarction.

Heart disease describes a group of conditions that affect the heart, including:

Vascular disease (coronary artery disease).

Heart rhythm problems (irregular heartbeat).

Heart defects (congenital heart defects).

Also heart valve disease.

Heart muscle disease.

Heart infection.

Before surgery

Measurements are taken that fit your body with an indication of how to wear it.

Open-heart surgery improves the condition of the heart patient and preserves his life, by making an incision in the sternum area in the middle of the chest to
reach the heart.

Increased chest pain. Among the symptoms that indicate a heart injury are:

Sleep Apnea-

Constant heart palpitations.

Dizziness frequently.

Loss of consciousness upon exertion.

Swelling in the legs.

Some of the anesthetic drugs that the patient receives during the operation may cause him to lose consciousness for a limited and temporary period so that he does not feel any pain, while immediately after the operation, the anesthesiologist gives the patient drugs that have an opposite effect to gradually restore consciousness.

In stable cases, the patient regains consciousness in the first hours (2 to 3 hours) after the operation.

When complications occur, it may take several days.

Doctors may recommend cases that require artificial coma, a process of anesthesia for a longer period of time than the patient’s normal condition, in order to
stabilize his condition, for the following reasons:

– Pressure drop .

Heavy bleeding during the operation.

Decreased heart rate.

– Breathing difficulty .

The medical team performs a set of procedures, namely:

The amount of anesthesia received by the patient is checked, and the doctor may have to inject drugs that counteract the effect of anesthesia.

When neurological disorders are suspected, an MRI or CT scan will be performed to treat the problem.

Then the patient is monitored in the intensive care unit (ICU) until the patient’s condition improves.

There are many studies that indicate the benefits of marriage on the positive side for people who have had open heart surgery, including:

A new study suggests that you can add a better survival rate after heart surgery to your list of health perks. People who were married when they had coronary bypass surgery had about 2.5 times the chance of surviving 15 years later than those who weren’t.

The same study also indicated that the health of the marital relationship is complete by simply observing the traditional risk factors that include smoking, high
blood pressure, diabetes and previous heart attacks to obtain the real benefit for anyone in a long-term and supportive relationship.

Other research showed that patients who are divorced and widowed were more likely to die or develop new functional disability after a heart operation compared to married people.

Open-heart surgery does not prevent marriage, but on the contrary requires you to social support represented by connected people around you. Perhaps the most important supporter for you is your partner, who will motivate you and always remind you to eat better, exercise, and avoid smoking.

Thus, we have talked about the most important matters related to the open heart operation. Do not forget that the Curista Center provides all consultations in this field. To know more details, contact us.

In some cases that require a major surgical intervention from the surgeon, the doctor prescribes a special jacket to wear after surgery called a “support jacket” during the recovery phase, which is expected to be 6-8 weeks. You will wear it on a daily basis except for the maximum time possible, and it can also be removed during Bathing. Among the benefits of this jacket or belt:

Provides additional support to keep the sternum bone stable.

It also prevents the two sides from rubbing together while the bone is healing.

It helps reduce the pain you feel while the sternum is healing.

Patients usually wear the belt for 4-6 weeks, after which you can take it off. It should also be worn day and night, except when taking a shower.

Among these factors:

Age: Patients who are 70 years of age or older.

Patients who have undergone previous heart surgeries.

Also patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes, coronary artery disease and high blood pressure.

While there are factors that can reduce the level of risk by taking prescribed medications, making lifestyle changes, including a nutritious diet before surgery, and stopping smoking.

Permanent coma after surgery is very rare and its incidence is less than 0.08%. However, of the following cases in which the chance of coma increases, they are:

growing old

Renal and hepatic insufficiency.

Pre-existing brain disorders.

Low blood pressure before the operation.

Emergency surgery.

A history of delayed awakening in previous surgery.

infection

Some medications taken by heart patients affect sexual desire, sexual function or energy level, such as antihypertensive drugs that affect intercourse and the inability to ejaculate, the doctor can modify or change the medication, and beta-blockers and diuretics have side effects on ED .

Feelings that control the person, such as fear or depression.